Dr. Dan Hayden • All eyes are on the Vatican these days as the world awaits the appointment of the next pope. In light of this, we are brought again to the question of Christ’s church and its true foundation. The Roman Catholic Church has traditionally held that Peter was the first pope, and that Jesus Christ appointed him to that task when He said, “upon this rock I will build My church” (Matt. 16:18). Now there’s no question about the fact that Jesus was talking with Peter when He made that statement. Peter had just confessed that Jesus was “the Christ, the Son of the living God” (v. 16), after which Jesus said that Peter was indeed a blessed man (v. 17).